Why do people learn another language? What motivates them to do so? Is it that easy to learn another language? There are several questions like these which make one ponder. But there could be several reasons for learning another language like they are learning a language just for fun, they are learning it because it is necessary for getting a good job or in expanding their business and there are learning a language just to pass their exams. In general language, learners are those who cannot communicate a certain language as fluently as the native speaker and has a need to learn it for different purposes. There are three categories of language learners.
Those people who learn a foreign language just for fun are the ones who want to learn the culture and history of that language and people like these consider it as their hobby for doing so. You will find many people around the world who are learning different languages for this particular reason. For example, my own brother wants to learn The Japanese language because of his interest in learning about Japanese culture and its history. As Rita Mae Brown says “language is a road map of a culture. It tells you where its people come from and where they are going”.
Alternatively, there are some people who learn a foreign language as it is required for a job or for expanding their business internationally. English language in today’s era is considered to be an official language, a status quo in my own country Pakistan. In order to get a good job or to do business internationally you need to have good English speaking skills; otherwise, you won’t be successful in what you want to do. There is another language whose importance is also increasing and that is Chinese language Mandarin. In China, the case is that if a person wants to do business there he/she has to learn Mandarin. It’s a compulsion and many people will learn it because by doing it they will be able to do their business easily and earn profits. Nowadays China is considered to be the fastest growing market and the largest economy in the world so who doesn’t want to do business there, and learn its language?
In addition, there are also some language learners who learn the language in their early stage and they are preferably known as early language learners. For example, babies learn their first language, which is their mother tongue from his/her mothers or fathers or even by others as they heard it in their surroundings. Another example would be students, and it is compulsory for them to learn another language just to pass their exams. Here I would like to mention Noam Chomsky words,” In many parts of the world, young children pick up four or five different languages with no awareness that they are talking different languages. It’s just: this is the way you talk to your aunt; this the way you talk to your father, and so on and forth.”
Learning a second language is not a bad thing, as according to me individuals should learn a second language even if they are learning just for fun. Who knows it proves beneficial for them in the future as they might go to a foreign country for higher studies and met some students of that particular language. It will be then easy for them to understand and communicate with them. If they are learning the language as it is in their academic course the students should consider it as an advantage because they will not only prepare them for future job requirements but they will also be able to learn that language culture.